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WELCOME TO THE THIRD TERM! OUR GRAMMAR TOPIC IS RELATED TO CONDITIONALS AND WISH CLAUSES. CHECK OUT THE FOLLOWING VIDEOS TO INTRODUCE YOU TO THE WORLD OF FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD CONDITIONALS:







CONDITIONAL TUTORIAL - THEORY AND EXERCISES

Grammar Review Quiz - Conditionals - 20 questions

PLAY THIS GAME: FLING THE TEACHER(CONDITIONALS) - You have to click on link, then scroll down until you find the game - Fling the Teacher!

GO TO THE GRAMMAR CORNER OF MR. E'S 2010 - 2011. THERE IS A LOT OF INFORMATION THERE: VIDEOS, LINKS, AND ONSCREEN INFO. YOU JUST HAVE TO SCOLL DOWN A LITTLE AND LOOK FOR THE 4TH PERIOD CONTENTS - CONDITIONALS!
http://mrecorner2.wikifoundry.com/page/THE+GRAMMAR+CORNER













IT IS TIME TO PRACTICE THE USE OF TRANSITIONS AND CONNECTORS. HERE ARE A FEW GREAT LINKS THAT HAVE A LOT OF THEORY, BUT ALSO A LOT OF PRACTICE QUIZZES THAT GIVE YOU IMMEDIATE FEEDBACK. CHECK IT OUT!
GRAMMAR-QUIZZES - CONNECTORS IN CONTEXT

Connectors and Transitions - Diagnostic tests: beginners, intermediate, and advanced

HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES TAKEN FROM THE PREVIOUS PAGE(GRAMMAR - QUIZZES) READ AND STUDY! GO TO THE WEBSITE FOR MUCH MORE INFORMATION!


And / In addition And/ In additions: joining sentence elements and sentences
  • and, and also, as well as
  • Also, In addition adds information
  • Moreover, Furthermore adds an argument
  • Besides adds a conclusive fact
  • besides, in addition to (before a noun phrase)

Anne is an actress. Normally, she acts and sings.
Anne acts, sings and dances. In addition, she directs threater productions. adds information
You should select Anne. She acts, sings and dances. Moreover, she looks like the main character. adds a conclusive fact
Besides being funny, he is also young and smart. adds information
Hire him because he is young and smart. Besides, he is funny! adds a conclusive fact or argument



And so / too And so / too: shortening a repeated verb in a joined clause
  • and so do I
  • and I do too
  • but I don't
  • tag-questions

My brother has a new toy, and so do I. (American English)
My brother has a new toy, and so have I. (British English)
My bother got a new toy, and I did too.
My brother got a new toy, but I didn't.
You got a new toy, didn't you? Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.



Too / Either Too / Either: adding a positive or negative comment
  • and too
  • and not either
  • but not too (setting limits)
  • either / neither…nor

I am eight today, and my cousin is too.
I am not a child, and my cousin isn't either.
I am excited. Me too! (informal) / I am too!
I am not worried. Me either! (informal) / I am not either!
Nobody helped me. Me either. (negative pronoun)
We barely understand it. Me either. (negative adverb)



Both...and Both...and: joining sentence elements with paired conjunctions
  • both X and Y
  • not only X but also Y
  • either X or Y
  • neither X nor Y

Both the movie and the play were good.
Not only the movie but also the play was good.
Neither the movie nor the play was good.
Either the movie or the play was good. I can't remember.



But / But still But / But still: stating contrast or contrary outcome
Contrasting:
  • but
  • while
  • whereas
  • on the one hand
  • in contrast to
  • yet
Contrary :
  • though
  • but still
  • even so
  • but ... anyway

I like sugar in my coffee, whereas Edward likes black coffee.
I like sugar in my coffee in contrast to Edward who likes none.
One the one hand, I like sugar in my coffee.
On the other hand, Edgard does not!

I shouldn't eat sugar, but still I do.
Though I shouldn't eat sugar, I do.
I shouldn't eat sugar. Nevertheless, I do.


But not / Except But not / Except: stating an exception
  • but not, but for, nothing but, all but
  • except, except for
  • cannot help, cannot but, cannot help but

He likes vegetables but not carrots.
He likes vegetables except (for) carrots.
Jack does nothing all day except [to] eat and sleep.
He isn't interested in anything except eating and sleeping.
Jack eats nothing but hamburgers.
Jack ate all but one hamburger.



But / Though But / Though: expressing defeat versus challenge Implied meanings
  • but (obstacle)
  • though (challenge)

Brian planned on attending a job fair, but the line to get in wrapped around the block. (It discouraged him..)
Brian planned on attending a job fair, though the line to get in wrapped around the block. (He stood in it anyway.)


Outcome

Because / of Because / Because of: indicating cause (reason)
  • Because – before a clause
  • Because of – before a noun phrase
  • in spite of, despite, owing to, on account of
Shortening clauses to modifying phrases :
  • clause – they delayed
  • noun phrase – the delay / delaying / having delayed

Because a gas pipeline exploded, several homes burned down.
Because of the gas explosion / an exploding gas line, several homes burned down.



Because of / By Because of / By: indicating cause or method
  • because of – cause reason
  • because – cause reason
  • by – means or method
  • with – means, method, tool

Demonstrations resulted because of high unemployment. reason
Demonstrators protested by marching in the street. means
Progress was made because of the opposition leaders. reason
Progress was made by the opposition leaders. agent




Consequently Consequently: using a transition word to introduce an effect clause
  • because
  • consequently
  • therefore
  • as a result

She married at the age of thirteen because she had no other options.
She had no other options. Consequently, she married at the age of thirteen.



Because / Though Because / Though: expected and unexpected outcomes Stating expected and unexpected reasoning:
  • because
  • though

He wore his winter pants because it was snowing.
Schools were closed because of the snow.
It was snowing. For this reason, the schools were closed.

He was biking in his shorts though it was snowing.
The schools were open in spite of the cold temperature.
It was snowing. Nevertheless, the schools were open.



Because Phrases Because Phrases: shortening because-clauses to modifying phrases
  • same time
  • earlier time
* Located in Adverb Summary

Because he was working so hard, he was earning a good salary. (same time)

Working so hard, he was earning a good salary. (same time)

Because he had been working so hard , he needed a vacation.
Having worked so hard (earlier time), he needed a vacation.


Cause (Reason) and Effect (Result)
So / Such that So that / Such that: emphasizing qualities and characteristics (cause - effect) Using a modifying phrase indicating
  • so ... that
  • such ... that
  • so much / such

The meteor storm was so beautiful that we watched it all night.
It was such a beautiful meteor storm that we watched it all night.

We will learn so much interesting information that it will take years to process it. (quantity)
We will learn such interesting information that it will take years to process it. (quality)



So phrases "So" Phrases: expressing purpose, cause-effect, or result
  • so… that (emphasis / result)
  • so that , in order (purpose)
  • so (result)
  • so-so, just so, so! (expressions)

The baby reached up so that he could get some candy.

He has to pull down on the lever in order to get some candy to come out.

The baby got nothing, so he cried.



Cause-Effect Rev Cause-Effect Review: expressing a cause and effect relationship Summary of cause-effect connectors
  • coordinating – so
  • correlative - so that
  • subordinating – because
  • transition – For this reason

His computer froze, so he hit it.
He hit it so hard that he damaged the keyboard.
He took it to a repair center because it needed a new keyboard.
He paid a lot to have it fixed. As a consequence, he never hit his computer again.


Emphasis
Indeed / Even Indeed / Even: emphasizing unexpected or extraordinary details
  • indeed
  • in fact (details data)
  • even (unexpected)

His work is indeed more amazing than before
His work is in fact more amazing than before
His work is even more amazing than before



Connect Review Connector Review: conjunctions, adverbs and transition words
  • addition
  • alternative
  • cause and effect
  • comparison
  • condition
  • contrast
  • emphasis
  • place
  • time

The day was cold and windy.
They day was cloudy, windy and also cold.
It was cloudy and windy. Also, it was cold.
The wind was strong as well as cold.
Besides being windy, it was also cold.
The day was windy and cold. In addition, it was bright and clear.
It was bright, clear and windy. Moreover, it was cold.
It was bright, clear and windy. Furthermore, it was cold










Connector Paragr Connector Paragraph: transitioning from one idea to the next
________, it seems to me that the reasons for her behavior are more complex.



Parallel Phrasing Parallel Phrasing: joining like items with and and but
  • adjectives
  • adverbs
  • gerunds
  • infinitives
  • noun phrases

Also see Gerunds: parallel phrasing

My English is improving slow but surely.
My English is improving slowly but surely.









Adverbial Phrases Adverbial Phrases: shortening clauses to modifying phrases
  • when
  • while
  • before
  • after
  • since

While John was walking home, he came across a skunk.
While walking home, he came across a skunk.







http://www.eslgamesworld.com/members/games/grammar/basketball/active%20vs.%20passive%20voice/active%20vs.%20passive%20voice.html - DO YOU WANT TO PLAY BASKETBALL AND AT THE SAME TIME REVIEW PASSIVE VOICE? GO FOR IT!

http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive - site to keep practicing active voice vs. passive voice!


CHECK OUT THIS VIDEO IF YOU WANT TO REVIEW THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE BY RAPPING! AND FORGET IT IF YOU THINK I AM GOING TO DO THE SAME THING IN CLASS - NO WAY! BUT I HAVE TO SAY THAT THIS TEACHER IS PRETTY COOL - I TAKE OFF MY HAT!


THIS TEACHER MAY MAKE YOU FALL ASLEEP, BUT IT IS A VALID WAY TO REVIEW ALL THE VERB TENSES IN THE ACTIVE VOICE THAT YOU HAVE TO KNOW PERFECTLY BEFORE WE GO TO THE PASSIVE VOICE. CHECK IT OUT.(BUT HAVE A GLASS OF MILO BEFORE TO GET ENERGY!)


THE GRAMMAR CORNER 2009 - 2010

THE GRAMMAR CORNER 2010 - 2011

> Verb Tense Tutorial > Active / Passive Verb Forms
Active / Passive Verb Forms
Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.

Active Form

In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active.
[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]
Examples:
THE GRAMMAR CORNER - MR. E'S ENGLISH CORNER 2011 - 2012

Passive Form

In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to mention who is doing the action.
[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action]
Examples:THE GRAMMAR CORNER - MR. E'S ENGLISH CORNER 2011 - 2012

Active / Passive Overview



Active Passive
Simple Present
Once a week, Tom cleans the house.
Once a week, the house is cleaned by Tom.
Present Continuous
Right now, Sarah is writing the letter.
Right now, the letter is being written by Sarah.
Simple Past
Sam repaired the car.
The car was repaired by Sam.
Past Continuous
The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store.
The customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.
Present Perfect
Many tourists have visited that castle.
That castle has been visited by many tourists.
Present Perfect Continuous
Recently, John has been doing the work.
Recently, the work has been being done by John.
Past Perfect
George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic's license.
Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic's license.
Past Perfect Continuous
Chef Jones had been preparing the restaurant's fantastic dinners for two years before he moved to Paris.
The restaurant's fantastic dinners had been being prepared by Chef Jones for two years before he moved to Paris.
Simple Future
will
Someone will finish the work by 5:00 PM.
The work will be finished by 5:00 PM.
Simple Future
be going to
Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight.
Future Continuous
will
At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes.
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John.
Future Continuous
be going to
At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes.
At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John.
Future Perfect
will
They will have completed the project before the deadline.
The project will have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect
be going to
They are going to have completed the project before the deadline.
The project is going to have been completed before the deadline.
Future Perfect Continuous
will
The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
The mural will have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Future Perfect Continuous
be going to
The famous artist is going to have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.
The mural is going to have been being painted by the famous artist for over six months by the time it is finished.
Used to
Jerry used to pay the bills.
The bills used to be paid by Jerry.
Would Always
My mother would always make the pies.
The pies would always be made by my mother.
Future in the Past
Would
I knew John would finish the work by 5:00 PM.
I knew the work would be finished by 5:00 PM.
Future in the Past
Was Going to
I thought Sally was going to make a beautiful dinner tonight.
I thought a beautiful dinner was going to be made by Sally tonight.

Subject - Verb Agreement - online quiz

INTERACTIVE ONLINE QUIZZES - GRAMMAR AND SPELLING


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EdwardMoore13
Latest page update: made by EdwardMoore13 , Mar 21 2012, 5:06 AM EDT (about this update About This Update EdwardMoore13 Edited by EdwardMoore13


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MapisValdep CONDITIONALS 1 Apr 25 2012, 9:43 AM EDT by EdwardMoore13
Thread started: Apr 24 2012, 2:14 PM EDT  Watch
Hi Edward!
Although at the beginning the conditionals were difficult after watching the videos it was very clear, and now it is clear, and I think I'm starting to like them. They are very useful and it is a clever way to write, and it can be funny to. The videos were really good except the one of Egypt, the voice of the woman didn't help and I almost got asleep, even though the tone of her voice the video has good information. The information is pretty good and I enjoy while reading the information. I am still a little confused with the zero conditional, but with the videos the information and hard work, I'm sure I'll do better. Thanks for the useful information.
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montserratgood Conditionals 1 Apr 23 2012, 10:30 AM EDT by EdwardMoore13
Thread started: Apr 22 2012, 6:26 PM EDT  Watch
Hi Edward!! Conditionals are something that we use frequently, but we don´t really pay to much attention. This review about them is very usefull because we tend to confuse them not only with the tenses but when we want to use them in sentences that involve real situations and unreal situation. So I think this is very useful. Thank you. If I hadn´t entered to MrE´s corner, now I wouldn´t know so much about conditionals.
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Marcela_Porcell Conditionals 1 Apr 23 2012, 5:03 AM EDT by EdwardMoore13
Thread started: Apr 22 2012, 1:52 PM EDT  Watch
Hi Edward. I think that now the conditionals are a topic clear for me, with the videos, the links, the explanations in class and the stupid games all the topics are now clear in my mind. I have to say that the raps of the first and second videos were really good, but the third one I didn’t like it that much because the woman gave good information but she was very slow so it was kind of boring; but even thought it was useful. The conditional we are studding are 6, the first conditional that talks about a real future that contains and if clause in present and a result clause in future, the second conditional that talks about a unreal present that contains am if clause in past and a result clause in base form + would or could, the third conditional that talks about an unreal past with an if clause in past perfect and a result clause in past participle + have + would or could and the other 3 conditionals are the inverted conditional the mixed conditional and the zero conditional. I have still problems with the negative form of all the conditionals but working hard in it will make me success. Thanks Edward for all the information and exercises and I hope that everything is getting better. We love you Edward we love you.
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Word Document test conditionals and wish clauses 8th.doc (Word Document - 26k)
posted by EdwardMoore13   Mar 21 2012, 12:09 PM EDT
TEST CONDITIONALS AND WISH CLAUSES
Word Document Review of Conditionals.doc (Word Document - 26k)
posted by EdwardMoore13   Mar 21 2012, 12:07 PM EDT
REVIEW OF CONDITIONALS
Word Document quiz conditionals -8th grade.doc (Word Document - 24k)
posted by EdwardMoore13   Mar 21 2012, 12:03 PM EDT
QUIZ ON CONDITIONALS
Unknown File Adverb Clauses - workshop 8th.docx (Unknown File - 19k)
posted by EdwardMoore13   Feb 22 2012, 2:24 AM EST
Adverb Clauses - workshop
Word Document connectors.doc (Word Document - 31k)
posted by EdwardMoore13   Jan 17 2012, 4:00 AM EST
Connectors
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